In the 1850s and 1900s immigrants faced enormous challenges when they moved from their country to the United States. This program explains that kinships, or the strong familial networks within which individuals function on a daily basis, are made up of groups of family members and that they provide the essentials for survival. The program explains descent groups and lineages and points out that not all lineages trace descent the same way. Several different kinds of descent groups are illustrated and Chinese patrilineal descent is featured. Also explained is the Eskimo system, the Iroquois System, and the Hawaiian system.